At the end of 1987, Zine el Abidine inherited a society shared between conservatives, who urged modification of the Code in a regressive sense, and modernists who wished its continuance to symbolize Tunisia's anchorage in modernity. Même les actes les plus audacieux dans le cadre de la réforme, comme le CSP (Code du statut personnel), ont été accompagnés de justifications à partir d’une interprétation libérale de la loi religieuse. Les dispositions du présent chapitre s'appliqueront indifféremment aux interdits qu'ils soient de sexe masculin ou de sexe féminin. This reasoning was approved on November 5, 1973 by a circular of the minister of justice who to, "stay away from the negative sides of the West," prohibited marriages between Muslims and non Muslims and who judged void marriages in which the non Muslim husband had not converted to Islam and where a certificate of conversion was not provided. 0000004644 00000 n code du travail *. Chapitre III - De la dot. 0000324479 00000 n Il est vrai que le Code du statut personnel tunisien a aboli en Tunisie depuis 1956 la polygamie et la répudiation pratiquée jadis sous forme d’un acte rédigé chez le notaire à la demande de l’époux prévoyant de rompre unilatéralement le mariage qui le lie à son épouse. Les articles du texte : Préambule; Article premier; Article 2; Articles 3-4-5. Lacking women, absent from Tunisian press of the period, the magazine folded, but Ben Yahmed had made the acquaintance of Dorra Bouzid, then a student in Paris, and recruited her to relaunch the magazine. Women had been encouraged to limit the number of their children since the beginning of the 60s and the contraceptive pill was rendered freely accessible throughout the country, annulling thereby the French law that in 1920 outlawed all means of contraception. Khalifa Chater-13 août 2019. In November 1940, Muhammad Zarrouk founded the first francophone feminist magazine, Layla, which however ceased publication in July 1941, but whose name was taken up symbolically by Bashir Ben Ahmed who, on May 23, 1955, started a magazine "Layla Speaks to You"—later "Feminine Action"—in the fifth issue of his weekly "Action" (later "Africa Action" and finally "Young Action"). On the occasion of the promulgation of the Code, she wrote, on September 3, 1956 in a special double page of the 56th issue an article titled "Tunisian Women are Adults" with an editorial recalling the collaboration in its production of the two shayks Muhammad Abdu'l Aziz Jait and Muhammad Fadl Ben Achour. (J. O. R. T. n°104 du 28 décembre 1956) Although all feminist projects seeking clear recognition of the two sexes were not carried to term, reforms inclined towards a sharing of authority between the two spouses instead of the exclusive authority of the father. Le Code du statut personnel tunisien distingue les empêchements permanents des empêchements provisoires (art. Alerte Google : "code du statut personnel" Showing 1-31 of 31 messages. Le Code du statut personnel (arabe : مجلة الأحوال الشخصية) ou CSP consiste en une série de lois progressistes tunisiennes, promulguées le 13 août 1956 par décret beylical puis entrées en vigueur le 1 er janvier 1957, visant à l'instauration de l'égalité entre l'homme et la femme dans nombre de domaines. In this context, on the eve of independence there did not really exist a political movement strictly based on the demand for the rights of women. Article 4 It was promulgated by beylical decree on August 13, 1956 and came into effect on January 1, 1957. In 1947, Muhammad Abdu'l Aziz Jait, former justice minister who was later opposed to the Code and author of a majallah codifying personal status and estate law, undertook an initial and timid effort to harmonize the doctrines of the Maliki and the Hanafi, majority in Tunisia, that ultimately had no result. Their members were integrated into the body of common law magistrates. Bourguiba referred to a sura of the Koran to justify this measure: "We have abided by the spirit of the Holy Book... which indicates monogamy. Moreover, on November 1, 1983, Bourguiba named two women ministers, Fathia Mzali to the Ministry of the family and of the Advancement of Women and Souad Yaacoubi to Public Health. Forums. 93-66 of July 5, 1993 reaffirmed that: "There can be no discrimination between men and women in the application of the dispositions of the Code. Le Code du statut personnel tunisien ( CSP ) nécessite-t-il un amendement, 60 ans après sa promulgation, à la lumière de la Constitution de 2014? Décret-loi n° 62-21 du 30 août 1961 modifiant l'article 32 du code du statut personnel, ratifié par la loi n° 62-41 du … Furthermore, in the absence of the equity law, they represented 14.89 per cent of the members of government, 22.75 per cent (43 of 189) of the deputies of the House elected on October 24, 2004, 27.06 per cent of municipal councillors and 18 per cent of the members of the economic and social council. In connection with profession, a new article of the labor code, no. In several of his speeches, memory of her returned and the exhaustion born of the double function of the spouse and the mother contributed to his denunciation of the feminine condition in traditional Tunisian society. How abase ourselves to this functioning of an intelligent animal?". Vu Notre décret du 12 juillet 1956 (30 doul hidja 1375), fixant le statut personnel des Tunisiens non musulmans et non israélites, Vu Notre décret du 3 août 1956 (25 doul hidja 1375), portant modification de certains articles du Code tunisien de procédure civile, Vu l'avis du conseil des Ministres, Le Code du statut personnel tunisien distingue les empêchements permanents des empêchements provisoires (art. On June 13, 1955, Bouzid, then the magazine's only woman, edited in its eighth issue an article signed with the pseudonym of Layla and entitled "Call For Emancipation Law." Qui est en ligne ? Until then women had to accept the husband's prerogative. (J.O.R.T n°104 du 28 Décembre 1956) Louanges à Dieu ! Later, a second series of provisions reinforced the protection of women in regard to men in repressing spousal violence more rigorously and in instituting alimony payments and in enforcing this from divorced husbands seeking to shirk this responsibility. He gave women a unique place in Tunisian society, notably abolishing polygamy, creating a judicial procedure for divorce and requiring marriage to be performed only in the event of the mutual consent of both parties. It was promulgated by beylical decree on August 13, 1956 and came into effect on January 1, 1957. Moreover, certain mentalities take longer to change. daccess-ods.un.org. Au nom du peuple, Nous, Habib Bourguiba, président de la République ... - décret du 11 août 1937 portant statut des journalistes professionnels, - décret du 28 juillet 1938, rendant applicables à la Tunisie, ... au personnel correspondant du commerce et de l’industrie. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Code_of_Personal_Status_in_Tunisia&oldid=964899798, Articles needing additional references from May 2008, All articles needing additional references, Featured articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with empty sections from June 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. However, in perusing "the ways and means of permitting the promotion and strengthening the achievements of women without altering our Arab Muslim identity," Ben Ali on August 13, 1993, fixed the limits he considered impassable: The Tunisian minister in charge of women and the family on February 9, 1994, affirmed for her part in the French senate and taking some liberties with history: "When Bourguiba promulgated the Code, he did so in the name of Sharia and Islam.". Tunisie, RÉVISION DU CODE DU STATUT PERSONNEL. Cet article est très riche et très renseigné, mais devrait AMHA se concentrer davantage sur le Code du statut personnel lui-même, y compris les lois le modifiant - mais en faisant des articles séparés pour les lois qui n'y ont pas été intégrées (par ex. Présentation; Titre: Ben Ali later granted a presidential pardon to Rached Ghannouchi, freed on May 14, 1988. 0000327602 00000 n Tunisie: Code du statut personnel. authentique laïque, l’État tunisien, de l’indépendance à aujourd’hui, n’a jamais été laïc. 0000331486 00000 n In this same case, consent for the marriage of a minor must be given by the closest parent who must fulfil three conditions, namely being of sound mind, adult and masculine.". He managed not to attack equality of the sexes concerning inheritance directly, the Code continuing to consider man the head of the family and expressing the fact that spouses must fulfil their conjugal duties "conforming to usage and custom" which were systematically to the advantage of the masculine interests. Vu Notre décret du 12 juillet 1956 (30 doulhidja 1375), fixant le statut personnel des Tunisiens non musulmans et non israélites, Vu Notre décret du 3 août 1956 (25 doulhidja 1375), portant modification de certains articles du Code tunisien de procédure civile, Vu l'avis du conseil des Ministres, Article 89. 0000331305 00000 n %%EOF On January 10, 1957, the wearing of the veil at school was forbidden. 0000329762 00000 n These two rights became official on March 14, 1957 and Tunisian women voted for the first time in municipal elections in May 1959 and later in the presidential and legislative elections of November 1959. Le Code du statut personnel tunisien ( CSP ) nécessite-t-il un amendement, 60 ans après sa promulgation, à la lumière de la Constitution de 2014? 0000005210 00000 n 551 0 obj<>stream Bourguiba later addressed them in a speech: "As you, I am Muslim. Indeed, on this issue he could not refer to the Koran to justify himself, as the text is clear: "To sons, a part equal to that of two daughters." During a speech delivered on December 26, 1962, Bouguiba stated: "Work contributes to the emancipation of women. July 1, 1965 saw a law allowing abortion as much for social as for therapeutic reasons. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. On August 3, secular courts replaced religious courts as the high court for the application of Islamic law, while the law of September 27, 1957 closed the rabbinical court of Tunis. On August 20, 1956, this last sent a letter to Ahmed Mestiri, in which he called for revision of certain articles of the Code, of which those related to the prohibition of polygamy and the creation of a procedure for divorce. Polygamy, although rather marginal in the period, is likewise forbidden, even if the second union is not "formal:" "Whosoever being engaged in the bonds of matrimony shall contract another before the dissolution of the preceding shall be liable to a year's imprisonment and to a fine." The reality is that the institutional presence of Islam in Tunisia, although strictly circumscribed, is truly a constant reference, implicit or explicit, legitimizing the regime's direction. Aux termes de l'article 31 du Code du Statut Personnel, le divorce peut être prononcé dans trois hypothèses : 1°) en cas de consentement mutuel des époux In this context, the film maker Moufida Tlatli, famous for her film "The Silences of the Palace" (1994) was heavily criticized in the magazine "Realities" for having shown her scepticism on the supposed feminism of Islam during a television broadcast in October 1994. Une mauvaise loi oblige toujours le législateur d'en faire beaucoup d'autres, souvent très mauvaises aussi, pour éviter les mauvais effets ou, au moins, pour remplir l'objet de la première. In August 1994, during a seminar devoted to women and the family, ATFD denounced the ambiguity of power and the use of religion to regulate the condition of women in the country, criticizing chiefly "the patriarchal oppression of women. However, more than this modernization concern, there existed as well the need to destabilize an importance source of political opposition based on religion. They represent 72 per cent of pharmacy workers, 42 per cent in medicine, 27 per cent of magistrates, 31 per cent of lawyers and 40 per cent of university professors. Declaring that he was "convinced of the aptitude of women to assume the highest duties in the heart of the state and society," he announced the creation of a state secretariat charged with women and the family and the nomination of a number of superior women to cabinet. Les dispositions du présent chapitre seront applicables, nonobstant les exceptions prévues aux autres chapitres du présent code. 0000007001 00000 n In 1991 a law made compulsory the education of all children. Women were then called upon to characterize this change: official receptions have been mixed since 1992 and ministers and senior civil servants were encouraged to attend accompanied by their spouses. en place par loi n° 03-70 relative au code de la famille promulguée par le Dahir n° 1-04-22 du 3 février 2004. This forced the religious authorities likewise to interpret the Koran in a way that accepted the fact that women could receive an education and participate in the social life of the country. Code du statut personnel Tunisien - L’acte de mariage (authentique) est conclu en Tunisie par-devant deux notaires ou devant l’Officier de l’état civil en présence de deux témoins honorables. - Code du statut personnel - Loi du 3 juin 1966 réaménageant la garde des enfants - Loi du 18 février 1981 modifiant certaines dispositions du code de statut personnel relatives au divorce et à la tutelle. 104 dated 28 December 1956. Radhia Haddad, wrote in her autobiography "Woman's Talk" : "On the eve of independence, the most ancient and the most blatant injustice was the condition of women.". Accueil Tags Code du statut personnel tunisie. By her work a woman or a girl assures her existence and becomes conscious of her dignity.". Under government pressure he expressed confidence in the president and recognition that the Code represents, "In its entirely a fitting means to organize family relations." startxref 5 Cependant le statut personnel ne fut pas intégré dans le code civil, comme c’est le cas dans le droit français, même s’il en faisait partie. 0000004186 00000 n 0000005494 00000 n Certainly, Tunisian public services are accessible to all without distinction of creed and the constitution guarantees religious freedom, so long as it does not threaten public order, but Islam remains the state religion, to the extent that it is said it is obligatory for the president of the republic to be able to assert it. Le code du statut personnel (tunisien) a cette double particularité d’être inspiré de la shariaa d’un coté et de s’en écarter de l’autre »4. 0000004323 00000 n However, concerning my duties and responsibilities, I am qualified to interpret religious law.". ", Relying in part on the support of Shayk Muhammad Fadl Ben Achour, who defended the Code's provisions as constituting the possible interpretation of Islam," a large number of religious authorities prudently fell silent or denounced the Code. 14 et s du CSPT). 93-74 of July 12, 1993 modified the Code giving wives the right to transfer her patrimony and nationality to children to the same extent as husbands, even if she was married to a foreigner, on the sole condition that the father has given his approval. Au-delà du Code du Statut personnel … ! Politique, L'égalité successorale soumise au Parlement La première chaîne mondiale d'information pour l'Afrique. and while glorifying Tunisia's "Arab-Islamic" identity. In 1930, Tahar Haddad, himself influenced by the reformist current begun in the Nineteenth Century by Kheirredine Pasha, Ibn Ahmad ibn Abi Diyaf, Muhammad Snoussi, Salem Bouhageb, Mohamed Bayram V and other thinkers who all defended the concept of modernism, published "Our Women in Sharia and Society." The Code of Personal Status (CPS) (Arabic: مجلة الأحوال الشخصية‎) is a series of progressive Tunisian laws aiming at the institution of equality between women and men in a number of areas. This Code is one of the best known deeds of Habib Bourguiba, who was Prime Minister and later President. 14 et s du CSPT). 0000327818 00000 n Données clés. It seems to affirm a distinctiveness which it has followed since the beylical period which, "on the eve of the institution of the French protectorate was going to engage in a process of reforms establishing its connection to society in a modern national perspective.". En vue de l’instauration de l’égalité entre hommes et femmes, le code du statut personnel (CSP) a été promulgué le 13 août 1956, cinq mois après l’indépendance de la Tunisie, constituant ainsi un acte avant-gardiste et émancipateur des femmes de la république Tunisienne. %PDF-1.6 %���� But then, in behaving this way one destroys at one blow the fervour and veneration that we all owe to the sacred. Although his declaration can be considered sincere—other expositions indeed demonstrate a certain hostility to the period's domestic tradition—it is to be recalled that his mother's memory played no fundamental role in his political positions concerning the feminine condition during the French protectorate. Assembled in twelve books, it gave to women a unique status in the Arab-Muslim world. This act registered a series of reforms touching other aspects of the impact of religion on society. Rapport de partage d'une succession selon les dispositions du Code du Statut Personnel tunisien. 0000005544 00000 n Alerte Google : "code du statut personnel" Google Alerts: 3/30/19 5:00 AM This rate was 2.2 children per woman in 1998 and 1.73 children in 2007. 0000004800 00000 n Besides, it is not always easy to apply laws in a rural milieu where girls are still restricted compared to boys. they were almost all dismissed or forced to retire. [�ӓ�����Z%���o��6�W�$R3�ݛ>((O-�'�u��I᎕�g���� x�Q����ͱο@Т�w_ͱ�1�\���f��)�'$�ou�S����!���tSq�G41�:�E"�>M���۹tJ�y���n2�u�=1VX�(�>���qC�볦ͮaA\�-l��F���`���`?� 0�/�pے��i~�a �Z�i�~�U�:qB�Z�V��(�YӖ_:@���qՓ�fWP[kʖ&�"��_\}N�|Zx�w|�jN�`�r$�lƔ�[�i�n9F1FFk����g��O�N�V ���3��z6Q�*+�į)��ǧ��k�L�9��Myg+� �9�׈����:қ���Ǘ���S��?+s t�ށ��ҚJ*,܋:��z�z�B���]�h/"bNdd��O�"t)4>j?SJ��Fz�5-&5��&M���2�|mwcFCR�ε0|-�&2k�������b-y[��q�?J¡2N��! Original (en arabe) du texte integral du Code du statut personnel signé par Habib Bourguiba. En effet, le législateur, sous l’impulsion de Bourguiba, premier président de la République, a fait œuvre d’innovation, non seulement en choisissant la voie de la codification, mais surtout en réorganisant les rapports maritaux entre l’homme et la femme255. His ruling always inclined in favour of women and "made him all through the long decade of the sixties their tireless defender.". L'article 61 du Code de statut personnel tunisien modifié par la loi du 18 janvier 1981, prévoit, pour que la tutelle du père soit effective, la perte de la garde par la mère si elle modifie sa résidence et s'installe « à une distance qui empêche le tuteur d'accomplir son devoir envers son pupille ». L'adoption du Code du Statut Personnel, le 13 août 1956, quelques mois après l'indépendance, atteste que Habib Bourguiba transgresse. Rapport de partage d'une succession selon les dispositions du Code du Statut Personnel tunisien. 81-7 of February 18, 1981 entrusting to the widow mother the upbringing of minor children and favouring women in divorce cases. This same court did not rule except in a case brought through the mutual consent of both spouses and in the case of the request of one of the partners as the result of harm of which that spouse was the victim. Finally, another prescription annulled the privilege of paternal grandparents to receive support payments for children. During a speech delivered in Tunis on February 8, 1961, Bourguiba expressed his opinion on reason's domination above all other means of thought: "There are still people who do not conceive that reason must apply to all things in this world and command all human activity; for these people certain domains, that of religion in particular, must escape the ascendancy of the intelligence. CODE DU STATUT PERSONNEL Décret du 13 août 1956, portant promulgation Du Code du Statut Personnel (1) Louanges à Dieu ! The Code, nevertheless, has known many difficulties arising from Tunisian society. )S�ӟ1X:T�U��i�9R�6;bn,� 0000006191 00000 n Imams delivering speeches opposing the Code and shayks signing petitions or articles criticizing it were arrested. Thus, on May 31, public charitable foundations (waqfs) were suppressed, as private ones would be on July 1, 1957. The first strengthened the residence law to the benefit of mothers caring for children and the second harmonized the minimum marriage age to eighteen years for both sexes; the mean marriage age had reached 25 for women and 30 for men. L'un des époux ne peut revenir durant l'audience de jugement sur l'accord donné en conciliation qu'avec l'assentiment de l'autre conjoint. authentique laïque, l’État tunisien, de l’indépendance à aujourd’hui, n’a jamais été laïc. I respect this religion for which have done everything so that this Islamic country not be in colonial humiliation. Chapitre IV - Empêchements au mariage. At the same time the reformist newspaper Ennahda published the poems of Aboul-Qacem Echebbi, who participated to a lesser extent than Haddad in the defence of the rights of women. Moreover, if a child did not possess his own goods, the necessary costs of his upbringing were predicated on those of the father. The issue of virginity at marriage and the influence of religious preachers castigating on Middle Eastern television networks the Western way of life played an important role in this debate. Taking the lead in Tunisia's modernization campaign, Habib Bourguiba in each of his speeches found occasion to criticize sexist attitudes, opposing the hijab and appealing to science on the issue of virginity at marriage. The Code was promulgated by Decree of 13 August 1956, which was published in the Journal Officiel de la République Tunisienne No.